March 27, 2023

Campa is set to take on its competition, which pushed it out of the business in the late 1990s, but this time with a new owner — .

Campa’s entry comes at a time when as a category is already saturated. But experts say this could give rise to competition in the segment, eventually causing the space to grow.

Some even point out that it will be an uphill task for Campa to make its entry into the market and set up a supply chain.

Reliance has acquired Campa from Pure Drinks for Rs 22 crore, according to a source in the know.

Reliance has already launched it on JioMart and is available at its stores. The acquisition is the first among many others, besides joint ventures and partnerships that the company is looking at in order to step into the fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) market in the country.

At the annual general meeting on Monday, Isha Ambani, director, Reliance Retail Ventures, said the company will launch its FMCG business this year.

“This is an era where you don’t need money, but chutzpah and attitude. Small brands today are appealing to a younger audience. It all comes down to reinventing the product and also an engaging brand story is important to revive the brand,” Alpana Parida, a brand consultant said.

Parida explained that cola penetration in the country has been impressive and also are available at Rs 5 and Rs 10 price points, adding that have their rural strategies in place. Also, the existing players are aggressive marketers. “To expect Reliance to suddenly change the market will not be an easy task,” she said.

Raja Wahi, partner at Deloitte India, said, “Large FMCG have between 2,000 and 3,000 distributors, sub-distributors and upcountry distributors for strong market coverage. This takes time to build up. In addition, having a strong retail network in urban and rural markets can be a major advantage to service markets/kiranas.” He further explained that the acquisition of brands and launching own private labels is also a great way to further build distribution and disrupt the FMCG and retail market.

Campa as a brand was synonymous with cola in the 1980s and 1990s. After Coca-Cola had to exit India in 1977, its bottler at the time then decided to start its own brand, Campa, which enjoyed a decent market share of about 30 per cent, as it was a very well recognised brand in North India.

Pure Drinks, the erstwhile owner of Campa, had bottling factories in Mumbai and Chennai as well.

However the descent of Campa started in the mid-90s as both Pepsi and Coca-Cola entered India in quick succession. In 1990, Pepsi entered India under stringent conditions in joint venture with Voltas and Punjab Agro Industries, and Coca-Cola also re-entered the Indian market in 1993 in a joint venture with Britannia Industries.

However, post-liberalisation, by the mid-90s Pepsi bought out Voltas and Punjab Agro’s stake. Even Coca-Cola was no longer in a partnership with Britannia by the mid-90s, which caused competition in the industry to increase and eventually caused Campa to move out of the market. The two US-based cola giants decided to fight it out to dominate the Indian market.

Also, Campa stopped focusing on increasing its distribution in the mid-90s, thereby losing out in the race with the cola giants.

“The re-entry of Campa into the market will cause competitive activity to increase in the aerated beverage space. With greater competition, the excitement in the category will definitely increase and will help in expanding the category,” said Deepak Jolly, founder of advisory firm, Consocia Advisory.

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